Haemorrhoids arise from congestion of the internal and/or external venous plexuses around the anal canal. They are extremely common in adults. The aetiology is unknown, although they are associated with constipation and straining and may develop for the first time during pregnancy. First – degree piles bleed, while second degree piles prolapse but retract spontaneously. Third degree piles are those which require manual replacement after prolapsing. Bright red rectal bleeding occurs after defecation. Other symptoms include pain, pruritis ani and mucus discharge. Treatment involves measures to prevent constipation and straining.
Severe pain occurs on defecation and there may be minor bleedimg, mucus discharge and pruritus. The skin may be indurated and sentinel pile adjacent to the fissure is common.
- DO’S & DONT’S FOR PILES/FISSURES :-
- Junk food
- Bakery Products: Burger, Pizza, Patty, Cake
- Spicy Curries
- Coffee, Tea
- Dairy Products : Cheese,Butter
- Processed food
- Garam masala, Red chilly
- Non – veg.
- Protein diet in dinner : Rajma, Chhole, Paneer, Beans.
- Never stop your nature call : Go to stool when you feel.
- Fruits : Apples, Banana, Oranges
- Oats, Brown rice
- Butter Milk
- Fibres : Porridge, Cabbage
- Vegetables : Spinach, Cabbage, Broccoli, Cucumber, Carrots
- Drink adequate amount of water.