Arthritis is an inflamation of the joints, which can affect one or multiple joints. It is very common in old people, above the age of 65 years, but it can also develop in children, teens and young adults. The incidence of arthritis is greater in women than in men, and it is also common in people who are obese. Joint pain, stiffness and swelling are the most common symptoms of arthritis. The range of motion of the joint may also decrease, and the individual may experience redness of the skin around the joint. Morning stiffness of the joint, lasting for a few minutes, is usually seen with the complaint. Some patients may also experience other general symptoms, such as loss of appetite, low grade fever and feeling of lethargy. There are different types of arthritis with diverse causes and treatment methods.
TYPES OF ARTHRITIS –
2.Autoimmune arthritis – where the body’s immune system destroys it’s joint.
3.Juvenile arthritis – which occurs in children.
4. Infectious arthritis – in which infection spreads from a different part of the body to the affected joint.
5. Psoriatic arthritis – which affects people with psoriasis.
6.Gout – where excessive uric acid gets deposited in the smaller joints.
CAUSES OF ARTHRITIS
- Injuries (damage to bone/ cartilage / ligament
- Overuse of the joint
- Malignancy (cancerous changes)
- Other causes (sarcoidosis, sickle cell disease, bleeding disorders, etc.)
ROLE OF HOMEOPATHY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ARTHRITIS –
Homeopathy is a system of alternative medicine, which was founded by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann. It was discovered in the year 1796. It is based on the law of Like cures Like (simillia simillibus curentur), which states that the substances which cause the symptoms of the disease in the healthy people have the power to cure similar symptoms in the diseased people. Homeopathy is a holistic science which does not simply treat arthritis, but it treats the person with arthritis. In the homeopathic mode of treatment, the patient is asked to provide detailed information about the disease with other associated illness. It also includes an assesment of the patient’s emotional, and intellectual behaviour, lifestyle,diet and the history of all the diseases he had suffered till date.
Once, the case taking process is completed, homeopathic medicine is selected based on the disease severity and patient’s behaviour. This selected medicine not only acts on the disease but also improves the whole anatomy of the patient. The most commonly indicated homeopathic medicines in cases of arthritis are Rhus Toxicodendron, Bryonia Alba, Apis Mellifica, Belladonna and Ruta.
By restoring the entire system, homeopathy not only treats the symptoms of arthritis but also achieves equilibrium within the individual.